How homo became sapiens: on the evolution of thinking

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Expanding subsistence strategies beyond big-game hunting and the consequential diversity in tool types has been noted as signs of behavioral modernity. A number of South African sites have shown an early reliance on aquatic resources from fish to shellfish.

Pinnacle Point , in particular, shows exploitation of marine resources as early as , years ago, perhaps in response to more arid conditions inland. Blombos Cave and Site in Sudan both show evidence of fishing as well. Taphonomic change in fish skeletons from Blombos Cave have been interpreted as capture of live fish, clearly an intentional human behavior. Evidence was found in , dating to about , years ago at the site of Olorgesailie in Kenya, of the early emergence of modern behaviors including: the trade and long-distance transportation of resources such as obsidian , the use of pigments, and the possible making of projectile points.

The authors of three studies on the site observe that the evidence of these behaviors is approximately contemporary to the earliest known Homo sapiens fossil remains from Africa such as at Jebel Irhoud and Florisbad , and they suggest that complex and modern behaviors began in Africa around the time of the emergence of Homo sapiens.

In , further evidence of Middle Stone Age complex projectile weapons in Africa was found at Aduma, Ethiopia dated 80,, years ago, in the form of points considered likely to belong to darts delivered by spear throwers. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about Homo sapiens as a biological species its evolution and habitat. For a more general perspective on humanity, see Human. For other uses, see Homo sapiens disambiguation. Humans as a biological species.

Temporal range: 0. Conservation status.

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Linnaeus , Main article: Human taxonomy. Further information: Homo and Names for the human species. Further information: Human evolution , Homo , Timeline of human evolution , and Early human migrations. Further information: Homo antecessor , Homo heidelbergensis , Homo rhodesiensis , and Acheulean. Further information: Human subspecies , Middle Paleolithic , Mousterian , Archaic human admixture with modern humans , Homo sapiens idaltu , and Skhul and Qafzeh hominins. Further information: Recent African origin of modern humans , Southern Dispersal , Early human migrations , and List of first human settlements.

Further information: Interbreeding between archaic and modern humans. See also: Human anatomy , Human physical appearance , and Anthropometry. See also: Behavioral modernity.

Further information: Brain size. Main article: Recent human evolution. Further information: Human genetic variability , Race and genetics , and Sexual selection in humans. Some scholars include humans of up to , years ago under the same species.

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See Bryant , p. Unfortunately this consensus in principle hardly clarifies matters much in practice. For there is no agreement on what the 'qualities of a man' actually are," [ The only widely recognized archaic subspecies [ citation needed ] is H. The name H. However, Linnaeus postulated four other extant subspecies, viz.

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This classification remained in common usage until the mid 20th century, sometimes alongside H. See, for example, Bailey, ; [11] Hall, This height is indeed cm lower than the height of post-WWII Europeans, but compared to Europeans some 20, or years ago, it is practically identical or even slightly higher. Such change in shape contributed to the increased cranial volume. Bioclimatic effects directly upon body size and indirectly upon brain size in combination with cranial globularity appear to be a fairly powerful explanation of ethnic group differences.

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Becoming Modern Homo sapiens | Evolution: Education and Outreach | Full Text

International Business Times. The Guardian. Retrieved 7 June It hints that humans began leaving Africa far earlier than once thought". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 July Retrieved 10 July Bibcode : PLoSO Fleu, Nicholas July 19, New York Times. The American Journal of Human Genetics. Current Biology.

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Hominid evolution and community ecology. New York: Academic Press. Journal of Dental Research. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine. Theodore; Cerny, Frank J. American Journal of Human Biology. October March Current Anthropology. Collegium Antropologicum. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10, 15 Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics. Human Genetics.