It contributes to protecting the climate, water and soil, is a habitat for animals and plants, provides space for recreation and to experience nature and supplies timber, our most important renewable resource. Sustainable forestry in Germany acts according to this multi-functionality and safeguards the services of the forest. Mixed forests that are site-suitable and rich in structure are the objective of forestry policy.
They are best suited for our present demands and future challenges. Mixed forests can better adapt to environmental changes and balance out silvicultural risks such as storms, pests and tree diseases. Mixed forests are beneficial for the forest soil and groundwater storage.
In addition to an aesthetically pleasing forest, they provide diversified habitats and therefore a prerequisite for species-rich fauna and flora.
Various quantity and quality factors have placed 26 of the forested ecoregions at risk Figure 1 for biodiversity conservation. About sq. Like the forested areas in Russia, the forest life zone in Canada is sparsely populated in most places and consists of many different habitats and ecosystems. The immense size and diversity are primary factors in making information collection a dauntless task. Existing information is typically spread among many specialized agencies. The country's strengths in specializations i. When much of the information is compiled from so many sources and time periods, habitat data is typically incomplete, outdated and of indirect relevance.
The underpinnings of Canada's habitat information and means to collect, share and integrate it are often weak. Understanding and solving today's problems requires a greater degree of habitat and ecological knowledge and an improved integrated system of monitoring than ever. Industries, governments and individuals need a more comprehensive approach to better predict the effects and directions of ongoing activities to guide what actions should be taken. Forest management and planning concerns need to be guided by a habitat-oriented ethic.
This is not for abstract reasons but for practical ones. Our cultural and socio-economic systems are parts and subsets of the more overarching habitats and ecosystems in which we and other species live. Inappropriate management of the forest habitats can jeopardize inherent, as well as human perceived values. People's fundamental partnership with forests must be acknowledged and used in a mutually beneficial way.
Over the past two decades, government institutions and agencies, industry, First Nations, and non-government organizations have been working more cooperatively. The wildlife community and resource managers need to further assist each other in delivering on commitments to forest programs while these opportunities still exist.
What types of groups help? Private Forest Companies: There are about companies with forest management responsibility in Canada, ranging from large multinationals with tenure responsibilities over millions of hectares, to small companies with management responsibilities over relatively small tracts of land. Government Agencies : The Canadian constitution designates the ownership and management responsibility, including research and monitoring activities, of terrestrial natural resources to the provinces and territories.
Canada's forests are largely i. The federal government also plays a role in the management of Canada's forested habitats, although it is jurisdictionally limited i. Non-Government Organizations : The NGO community provides contributions to habitat conservation that are highly valued. Overall, these organizations play an important role in promoting education and awareness, and establishing conservation areas for wildlife purposes. First Nations : First Nations are an important part of land management in most regions of Canada.
Reserves, land claims, and the First Nations Land Management Act influence the management of the forested landscapes.
There is not one program or even a small number of programs that are, or are likely to be, most effective in managing and conserving forest wildlife habitats. Rather, a suite of programs is required that include: education; stewardship; land acquisition and protected areas; specific habitat objectives and indicators; updated and relevant inventory and monitoring; and forest certification.
To ensure the conservation of wildlife habitats in forested landscapes, the following actions are recommended:. Habitat status reporting in forested landscapes is useful as a rational basis for thinking about, assessing and planning for the future, and for approaching uncertainty while minimizing risks.
The concept of conserving habitats and their species is an achievable goal and provides the only possible basis for a viable future for Canadians and others. More profits, jobs and goods will be to no avail if they are gained at the cost of the life support systems that sustain them. Defining the status and sustainability of forested habitats is an indispensable process for learning how to survive and use forests as a source of life.
Achieving these ends is an imperative. National Forest Strategy Sustainable Forests. A Canadian Commitment. Canadian Forest Service. The State of Canada's Forests - Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. K1A 0E4. Snakes and Lizards. Sonoran Pronghorn. Wild Places. California's Central Valley. Coasts and Intertidal Zones.
Speaking for Wildlife. Retrieved 3 July Archived from the original on 29 June Mice and Rats. Pallid Sturgeon. Archived from the original on 4 June
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